An adult is a person who is aged twenty-one more than twenty-one years old. Thus adult education is the name of teaching imparted to adults. There is a great difference between the education of children and the education of adults. Children are principally students. Their chief purpose is to go to school and learn. But the adults are principally breadwinners; in their case education is secondary in importance.
For the purpose of education, adults may be divided into two classes – the illiterate and the partially literate. It is the aim of adult education to see that every person in the country knows at least the three R’s, reading writing and arithmetic. Such knowledge is absolutely necessary for every person living in a democratic country like Bangladesh.
It is the aim of adult education that such adults as are partially literate should be taken further on the road of knowledge. They would be taught their rights and responsibilities as citizens. It will their duty to pass the knowledge on to those who know less than they do.
Adult education is based on the idea that no one can be completely happy unless he or she educated, After all, cultures open the eye of the mind. He that is mentally blind cant hope to be perfectly happy.
The minimum that is expected by adult education is the ability to read the daily newspaper and to follow the current events of the world. The first adult schools were started in England. They were only Sunday schools. But later on, they began to work daily. In Bangladesh too, adult education was first started in Dhaka in a spirit of social service. The work was done at night schools. With the increase in the number of pupils, the number of institutions has also increased.
Benefits Of Adult Education
Generally, almost all the work of adult education is done free. It is done out of a spirit of social service. The importance of the work has now fully recognized all over the country. The government has extended its patronage and encouragement to adult education. To drive out illiteracy from the country, the government is very keen.
Adult education is a Noble work in which even students can take an active part. It is a plan of work by which everyone who knows a little can pass it on to those that know less. It is a matter of pride that more and more Adult Education Societies are coming into existence in the different parts of the country.