AIDS stands for Acquires Immune Deficiency Syndrome Disease. It is caused by a virus. The disease originated somewhere in Africa about 20 years ago. There it first appeared as a mysterious ailment afflicting primarily heterosexuals of both sexes. It probably was spread especially fast by preliminary female prostitutes there. The first-ever case of a person with AIDS was detected in America in 1959 which later emerged as a dreadfully widespread disease in the 1980s in countries like France, Belgium, Uganda, Zambia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, etc. In Bangladesh, it was first reported in 1989.
HIV and AIDS: Overview, causes, symptoms, and treatments
The best safeguard against this devastating disease is the precautions that we should take and bear in mind. The first reason how a man gets AIDS is through infected blood transfused into his body. So, if we need a transfusion of blood for any reason, we should make sure that it is AIDS-free and has conclusively ben tested as such. It is quite understandable that we should use only disposable syringes if we want to have an injection.
A non-disposable syringe might have got infected. Another reason for the spread of AIDS is unprotected sex. We must take care that we are never to indulge in unprotected sex. The best thing is that we should never have extra-marital relations.
A baby may be infected with AIDS if any of the parents have got the infection or HIV positive. It should be confirmed from specialists if the new vaccine developed for the protection of babies against AIDS is effective. If found so, it should be administered to the baby under the guidance and supervision of the specialist concerned.
If a person has at all developed AIDS, we should not discard him like a hot potato. He should be shown due regard and affection and we should take measures what we can for his comfort and recovery, if possible. We should remember that certain acts such as shaking hands, kissing, using the same towels, etc do not spread AIDS.
We should not fight shy of getting our blood tested for HIV. It is done at nominal rates and even free at certain places. In the case of HIV positive, we should take counsel, help, and guidance of experts in the matter.